By James Lander
Born at the similar day in 1809, Abraham Lincoln and Charles Darwin have been actual contemporaries. even though formed through drastically diverse environments, that they had remarkably comparable values, reasons, and techniques. during this interesting new research, James Lander areas those iconic males facet through aspect and divulges the parallel perspectives they shared of guy and God.
While Lincoln is popular for his oratorical prowess and for the Emancipation Proclamation, in addition to many different accomplishments, his medical and technological pursuits aren't widely known; for instance, many american citizens have no idea that Lincoln is the single U.S. president to acquire a patent. Darwin, nevertheless, is widely known for his clinical achievements yet no longer for his passionate dedication to the abolition of slavery, which partially drove his study in evolution. either males took nice pains to prevent inflicting pointless offense regardless of having deserted conventional Christianity. every one had one major adversary who recommended clinical racism: Lincoln had Stephen A. Douglas, and Darwin had Louis Agassiz.
With swish and complicated writing, Lander expands on those commonalities and uncovers extra shared connections to humans, politics, and occasions. He lines how those highbrow giants came to carry remarkably comparable perspectives on the evils of racism, the price of technology, and the uncertainties of traditional religion.
Separated by means of an ocean yet joined of their rules, Lincoln and Darwin acted as trailblazers, top their societies towards higher freedom of idea and a better attractiveness of human equality. This attention-grabbing biographical exam brings the mid-nineteenth-century discourse approximately race, technology, and humanitarian sensibility to the vanguard utilizing the mutual pursuits and targets of those historical figures.
By Reinhard Siegmund-Schultze
The emigration of mathematicians from Europe through the Nazi period signaled an irrevocable and significant historic shift for the foreign arithmetic global. Mathematicians Fleeing from Nazi Germany is the 1st completely documented account of this exodus. during this enormously increased translation of the 1998 German variation, Reinhard Siegmund-Schultze describes the flight of greater than a hundred and forty mathematicians, their purposes for leaving, the political and monetary matters concerned, the reception of those emigrants by means of quite a few nations, and the emigrants' carrying on with contributions to arithmetic. The inflow of those extraordinary thinkers to different countries profoundly reconfigured the math international and vaulted the U.S. right into a new management function in arithmetic study. in accordance with archival assets that experience by no means been tested prior to, the ebook discusses the preeminent emigrant mathematicians of the interval, together with Emmy Noether, John von Neumann, Hermann Weyl, and so on. the writer explores the mechanisms of the expulsion of mathematicians from Germany, the emigrants' acculturation to their new host nations, and the fates of these mathematicians compelled to stick at the back of. The ebook unearths the alienation and team spirit of the emigrants, and investigates the worldwide improvement of arithmetic on account of their radical migration. An in-depth but available examine arithmetic either as a systematic company and human exercise, Mathematicians Fleeing from Nazi Germany presents a vibrant photo of a severe bankruptcy within the historical past of foreign technological know-how.
By Ellen Daniell
This e-book tells the tale of a pro problem-solving staff that for greater than 25 years has empowered its contributors via offering functional and emotional help. the target of “Group,” as Ellen Daniell and 6 different individuals name their bimonthly gatherings, is cooperation in a aggressive international. And the target of each different Thursday is to motivate those that suppose remoted or under pressure in a piece or educational environment to contemplate the advantages of this type of group—a staff during which everyone seems to be in your side.Each of the high-achieving participants in crew (including contributors of the nationwide Academy of Sciences, a senior scientist at a prestigious examine institute, and college professors and directors) has came across the help of the others to be an important a part of her personal good fortune. Daniell presents specific examples of the way contributors aid each other navigate occupation setbacks or different problems. She indicates that crew aid, dialogue, and alertness of universal adventure convey to gentle sensible strategies and broader views. In an inspirational end, the writer deals recommendation and sensible directions when you want to determine a gaggle in their personal.
By John Gribbin
By Jagdish Mehra
Few might argue that Richard Feynman used to be one of many maximum American-born theoretical physicists of the 20 th century, and less nonetheless might dispute that he was once the main iconoclastic. within the phrases of the eminent mathematician Mark Kac, geniuses are of 2 varieties: the standard, and the magicians. Feynman was once a magician of the top quality. not anyone may bet how his brain labored, how he can make transcendental leaps of the mind's eye so fearlessly. a real unique, Feynman used to be either an encouraged, Nobel-prize successful pioneer, and a born showman. He by no means overlooked his imaginative and prescient of technological know-how as "a lengthy historical past of studying how to not idiot ourselves."
The Beat of a distinct Drum is an excellent account of Feynman's existence and paintings, encompassing a novel profession that spanned from the detonation of the 1st atomic bomb at Los Alamos to the frontiers of our knowing of the universe. the 1st biography to provide deep perception into either Feynman's medical achievements and his own existence, it's written by way of Jagdish Mehra. An entire physicist and historian of technological know-how in his personal correct, Mehra knew Feynman for thirty years, and their friendship deeply informs all points of the e-book. Feynman invited Mehra to spend 3 weeks with him almost immediately sooner than his dying in 1988, and after Feynman died, following a 10 12 months conflict opposed to melanoma, Mehra interviewed nearly 80 of his buddies and co-workers. They percentage their reminiscences of Feynman from his precocious early life in Queens, ny, to his ultimate days, portray an unforgettable portrait of a scientist who insisted all through his existence on taking the total of nature because the enviornment of his technological know-how and his mind's eye. Mehra writes sincerely and comprehensively concerning the theoretical and technical facets of Feynman's achievements: his an important function within the improvement of the atomic bomb; his organization with Hans Bethe at Cornell, the place he labored out his well-known path-integral formula of quantum mechanics and quantum electrodynamics, and went directly to strengthen the Feynman diagrams, so ubiquitous in quantum box conception, ordinary particle physics, and statistical mechanics; and the complete variety and intensity of his paintings from 1950 until eventually almost immediately sooner than his demise on the California Institute of expertise.
Here, too, are intimate glimpses into the advance of Feynman's internal existence, together with his committed courting along with his outstanding father, a self-taught uniform salesman, and his first marriage, to his boyhood sweetheart, Arline, whom he married understanding that she had just a couple of minutes to stay. Feynman was once an eyewitness to a few of this century's key moments of clinical discovery, and Mehra devotes a whole bankruptcy to Feynman's extra philosophical reflections at the implications of those discoveries. Flamboyant and impatient, yet devoted to his imaginative and prescient of a higher international via cooperation and the fearless pursuit of medical fact, Feynman emerges the following as a genius whom fellow Nobel laureate Julian Schwinger remembered as "an sincere guy; the exceptional intuitionist of our age and a major instance of what may perhaps lie in shop for an individual who dares to keep on with the beat of a unique drum."
By Arleen Marcia Tuchman
German-born Marie Zakrzewska (1829-1902) was once probably the most well-liked girl physicians of nineteenth-century the US. top identified for making a sleek clinic and clinical schooling application for girls, Zakrzewska battled opposed to the gendering of technology and the restrictive definitions of her intercourse. In technology Has No intercourse , Arleen Tuchman examines the existence and paintings of a girl who keeps to problem historians of gender to this day.
At a time whilst most girls physicians laid declare to "female" characteristics of care and nurturance to justify their expert selection, Zakrzewska insisted that each one physicians, despite gender, should still rely on the rational schools constructed via education within the usual sciences. She considered technology as a democratizing tool-anyone might grasp technological know-how, she asserted, and accordingly the doorways to the elite career of medication can be opened to all.
Shedding gentle at the adjustments that appreciably reworked medication within the past due 19th century, Tuchman's research additionally demonstrates how Zakrzewska's activism is critical to the continued debate over the connection among technology and intercourse.
By Lewis Campbell, William Garnett
This Elibron Classics ebook is a facsimile reprint of a 1884 variation via Macmillan and Co., London.
By Alice Calaprice
Albert Einstein used to be a good person. probably not anything displays the breadth and scope of his brilliance, his pursuits, and his impact larger than his guides -- greater than 600 clinical papers, books, essays, experiences, and opinion items. Einstein all started publishing in March 1901 with a systematic paintings that seemed within the German magazine Annalen der Physik while he was once twenty-two; the final e-book was once a piece of writing within the magazine universal reason which seemed a couple of months sooner than his loss of life in 1955. within the fifty-four-year period, his released paintings ranged greatly over relativity thought and quantum physics, nationalism, Judaism, battle, peace, and schooling. certainly, Einstein's literary output used to be so plentiful that even lots of his so much trained admirers will not be conversant in all of it.The Einstein Almanac takes a glance at Einstein's year-by-year output, explaining his three-hundred most vital courses and environment them into the context of his lifestyles, technological know-how, and international background. Concentrating totally on Einstein's medical and humanitarian writings, Alice Calaprice summarizes lots of the papers and describes significant occasions surrounding their booklet, together with Einstein's own existence, his travels, the paintings of alternative scientists, social and cultural advancements on the time, and nationwide and overseas occasions. relaxing and informative, The Einstein Almanac offers a special viewpoint on Einstein's genius -- and his humanity.
By Rosenfeld L.
By Henry W. Kendall (auth.), Henry W. Kendall (eds.)
A number of essays by way of a Nobel Prize Laureate on a variety of serious matters dealing with the area, and the position of scientists in fixing those difficulties. Kendall has been heavily concerned with the Union of involved Scientists, a gaggle that begun as a casual assocation at MIT in 1969 to protest US involvement in Vietnam and is this day a firm with an annual price range exceeding $6 million, with 100,000 supporters around the world. UCD is this day a voice of authority in US govt technological know-how coverage, rather in regards to atmosphere matters, such a lot lately the global projects on international warming. jointly, those essays signify either the sucessses and screw ups of technological know-how to affect public coverage, the demanding situations dealing with scientists, and provides useful guidance for involvement in technological know-how coverage. The essays are approximately chronological, prepared by means of topic with introductions, starting with the controversies on nuclear energy defense and 3 Mile Island,then via sections on nationwide safety concerns, worldwide environmental and source problems,and radioactive cleanup and different present matters. Kendall's Nobel Prize lecture in addition to a extra renowned model thereof is additionally integrated (and is the one relatively technical fabric within the book). The pictures within the ebook are Kendall's, from an 1992 exhibition of his paintings. Henry Kendall used to be provided the Nobel Prize in physics (jointly with J.I.Friedman and R.E. Taylor) in 1990 for his examine within the constitution of the proton and netron. In 1969, he was once one in all a gaggle of physicist who based the Union of involved Scientists (UCS) and is presently Chairman of its Board of Directors.