Elections

American Labor Unions in the Electoral Arena by Herbert B. Asher, Eric S. Heberlig, Randall B. Ripley

By Herbert B. Asher, Eric S. Heberlig, Randall B. Ripley

Are modern U.S. exertions unions inappropriate, or actually a altering strength to be reckoned with as they develop right into a new economic climate in a globalized the United States? Is the present political strength exercised by means of U.S. exertions unions extra comparable to the social hobbies of the sixties or the curiosity politics of the nineties? After profitable the presidency of the AFL-CIO in 1995, John Sweeney and his colleagues have taken strides to make hard work extra vital within the usa economically and politically, regardless of diminished club. right here, 4 authors come jointly to survey the prestige of work unions prior, current, and destiny, nationally in addition to throughout the microcosm of the hard work state of affairs in Ohio, one of many biggest, so much consultant, and such a lot electorally major states within the country.
The authors concentrate on union club, management, political attitudes, suggestions, and grassroots mobilization to color an image of union revitalization in a context of financial and social swap. American hard work nonetheless wields clout on Election Day, yet union revitalization is a piece in growth. For unions to topic on a daily basis to their individuals and leaders, they have to consolidate their monetary bases and upward push to the demanding situations rigorously documented during this ebook.

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Sweeney suggests a dichotomous choice for organized labor: either it must function as a “social movement” or as a ‘‘special interest group” (1996). , see Burstein 1998; Freeman 1999; and Lowi 1971). According to Jo Freeman, it is useful to think of all of the many forms of social action as existing along a continuum. At one end are those forms marked by their contagious spontaneity and lack of structure, such as fads, trends, and crowds. At the other end are interest groups whose primary characteristic is a well-developed and stable organization often impervious to spontaneous demands from their members.

Donahue. He had served from 1973 to 1979 as an executive assistant to long-time AFL-CIO president George Meany (1952–1979). He then served as the AFL-CIO secretary-treasurer from 1979 to 1995, during the entire presidency of Meany's successor, Lane Kirk-land. The other candidate was John J. Sweeney, the president of the Service Employees International Union since 1980 and an important figure in the group of union leaders who had forced Kirkland to retire. 1 million members in a period in which the membership of many unions was plummeting.

At the AFL-CIO convention in late October 1995, the delegates elected Sweeney to a two-year term. His internal coalition was based on public employee unions, the International Brotherhood of Teamsters (Teamsters), the Laborers International Union of North America (Laborers), and three former CIO industrial unions—the United Auto Workers (UAW), the United Steelworkers of America (USWA), and the United Mine Workers of America (UMWA) (Dark 1999, 178–84). ) He has since been reelected. During his presidency, he addressed head-on the problems of labor that he saw in the areas of organizing, lobbying, and electoral activity.

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