Agriculture in the City: A Key to Sustainability in Havana, by Maria Caridad Cruz, Roberto Sanchez Medina

By Maria Caridad Cruz, Roberto Sanchez Medina

This article follows Cuba's efforts to dig itself out of an monetary rut via new and unique examine bearing on creation, aid structures, caliber upkeep, and exchange structures of Havana and its city agricultural area. designated cognizance is given to quite a few similar components, together with felony frameworks, problems with irrigation, ladies and their participation within the agricultural zone. This publication has been ready for researchers, experts, manufacturers, scholars, selection makers and people with a basic curiosity within the administration and regulate of the city setting.

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Extra info for Agriculture in the City: A Key to Sustainability in Havana, Cuba

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In such a case, the government would continue paying the rent3 even though the farmer is assigned his or her own land. It should be taken into account that in practice the leasing of these plots of land to farmers in Havana is 'for life', a provision that remains in effect even if the farmer is no longer interested in the land. This provision has several implications, including the following: 28 Evolution of Urban Agriculture in Havana • Leasing for life ensures that the farmers will have stable incomes even through periods of bad harvests, natural disasters and any other contingency that may have an impact on the production.

Once the economy started to grow again, the workers returned to their primary labour activity to meet the growing volume of work. Given the current increase in the level of production, these centres may now obtain their necessary dietary products through other means. In our research, we have found that there is a current trend towards the transformation of these state-owned plots of land for consumption by producers. The new use of these areas varies according to their location. 27 AGRICULTURE IN THE CITY The trend in the areas owned by labour centres, when they do not want to invest in expansion, is to turn these plots into forested areas, fruit orchards and other permanent crops that require a minimum of daily labour.

Ibid. 22 Chapter III EVOLUTION OF URBAN AGRICULTURE IN THE CITY OF HAVANA* This chapter not only describes the progress, achievement and deficiencies of urban agriculture, but also presents a way of evaluating it in its multiple and possible expressions, as a new function of the city. This new function has its own requirements, relations and potentials, which go beyond the production of food and capital, and should be addressed in its interaction with the other components of the urban environment.

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