By W. Bruce Croft (auth.), Mohand Boughanem, Catherine Berrut, Josiane Mothe, Chantal Soule-Dupuy (eds.)
This booklet constitutes the refereed court cases of the thirtieth annual eu convention on info Retrieval learn, ECIR 2009, held in Toulouse, France in April 2009.
The forty two revised complete papers and 18 revised brief papers offered including the abstracts of three invited lectures and 25 poster papers have been conscientiously reviewed and chosen from 188 submissions. The papers are equipped in topical sections on retrieval version, collaborative IR / filtering, studying, multimedia - metadata, professional seek - ads, evaluate, opinion detection, internet IR, illustration, clustering / categorization in addition to allotted IR.
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Additional info for Advances in Information Retrieval: 31th European Conference on IR Research, ECIR 2009, Toulouse, France, April 6-9, 2009. Proceedings
1 . , 9 out of 24 results are statistically signiﬁcant, 22 out of 24 improvements are positive, and the highest improvement on MRR is over 25%, showing that risk adjustment can dramatically increase the chance of returning one relevant document close to the top of a ranked list. Our approach also outperforms the linear smoothing approach on MAP for all four collections. Comparing Table 3 (b) with Table 3 (a), we can see that our approach combined with the linear smoothing performs better than our approach without background smoothing in 18 out of 24 results, and better than the Dirichlet smoothing in 18 out of 24 results.
Therefore, our risk adjustment complements background smoothing in performance improvement. 6 Conclusion and Future Work Uncertainty is an intrinsic part of document ranking, but has not generally been considered in current IR models. Current models usually provide a scalar estimate of the mean of a document’s posterior probability distribution. However, the probability distribution is better described by both its mean and variance. e. some results may be very good while others may be very poor.
For each rank position, the objective is to select a document that has the maximum increase of the objective function. Notice that such a sequential update may not necessarily provide a global optimization solution, but it provides an excellent trade-oﬀ between accuracy and eﬃciency. , n}. The ﬁnal expression is derived as k−1 Ok − Ok−1 = wk (E[rk ] − αwk σk 2 − 2α wi σi σk ρi,k ) i=1 (9) Mean-Variance Analysis: A New Document Ranking Theory in IR 11 Because wk is a constant for all documents, we can safely drop it when using the increase to rank documents.