A Dictionary of Neurological Signs by A.J. Larner

By A.J. Larner

The Dictionary of Neurological indicators should be virtually in addition defined by way of what the e-book isn't, in addition to information about what it's. The Dictionary isn't a instruction manual for remedy of neuropathies. whereas many entries give you the most recent cures, up to date treatments aren't mentioned in bedside point aspect. The Dictionary isn't a board assessment booklet since it isn't really in Q&A structure yet may possibly simply serve in that skill in view that every one access is a reasonably entire photo of a selected sickness or affliction. The Dictionary is an alphabetical directory of typically providing neurological illnesses and issues designed to steer the doctor towards the proper scientific analysis. The content material is targeted, problem-based, concise and useful. The based entries during this functional, scientific source offer a thumbnail of a variety of neurological symptoms. every one access contains: • definition of the signal • a short account of the scientific procedure required to elicit the signal • description of the opposite symptoms which can accompany the index signal • clarification of pathyophysiological and/or pharmacological heritage • differential prognosis • short remedy info. the place recognized, the entries additionally contain neuroanatomical foundation of the signal. TheDictionary offers sensible, concise solutions to advanced scientific questions.

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Hence, although reflexes are typically regarded as part of the examination of the motor system, reflex loss may also occur in “sensory” disorders, affecting the Ia afferents from the muscle spindle. It is often possible to “hear” that reflexes are absent from the thud of tendon hammer on tendon. Areflexia is most often encountered in disorders of lower motor neurones, specifically radiculopathies, plexopathies and neuropathies (axonal and demyelinating). Areflexia may also occur in neuromuscular junction disorders, such as the Lambert-Eaton myasthenic syndrome, in which condition the reflexes may be “restored” following forced muscular contraction (facilitation).

References Kawamura M, Hirayama K, Shinohara Y, Watanabe Y, Sugishita M. Alloaesthesia. Brain 1987; 110: 225-236 Cross References Allochiria; Allokinesia; Neglect Allographia This term has been used to describe a peripheral agraphia syndrome characterized by problems spelling both words and nonwords, with case change errors such that upper and lower case letters are mixed when writing, with upper and lower case versions of the same letter sometimes superimposed on one another. Such errors increased in frequency with word length.

Stroke 1992; 23: 1446-1453. Cross References Agnosia; Anosodiaphoria; Asomatognosia; Cortical blindness; Extinction; Jargon aphasia; Misoplegia; Neglect; Somatoparaphrenia Anserina Autonomically mediated piloerection and thermoconstriction may produce “goose bumps,” cold and bumpy skin that may be likened to that of a plucked goose. Antecollis Antecollis (anterocollis) is forward flexion of the neck. It may be a feature of multiple system atrophy (cf. retrocollis in progressive supranu- - 30 - A Apathy clear palsy), a sustained dystonic posture in advanced Parkinson’s disease, and, unusually, in spasmodic torticollis.

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